The computer was developed in the 20th century and nowadays, no one can imagine the life without it. We can use them in all spheres of our live, but we could not even think, that the technical progress can be such great.
A computer is the immensely complex electronic device, which is capable of operating the highly sophisticated logical and arithmetical operations using the digital programs that were created with the help of different programming languages of various complexity.
However, this brief and dry definition does not give us the full picture of how important and groundbreaking was the invention of the computer and the technology that was behind its development. Without a doubt, it is an excellent topic to base your academic essay on, so if you want to do so, please look through this article for further information.
To begin your research on the long and eventful history of the computer and its development, you must have a complete understanding of the information regarding the origin of this invention. By doing so, you will give your readers the ability to see for themselves how such a piece of sophisticated electronic equipment was created and compare it to the level of computer science that we have now. In addition, if you arrange your material in chronological order and provide a careful, systematic explanation on such an elaborate topic, you will surely deliver the message behind your essay without any further issues.
Since ancient times, people had invented many devices to help themselves do complex calculations on a very large scale. However, due to the development of mathematics and many other related disciplines, the scientific progress began to evolve rapidly, and such simple and outdated mechanisms as, for example, abacus were no longer enough. Thus, many scientists were seeking the ultimate solution to this complex problem. The famous English mathematician from the nineteen century was the first one who managed to combine the power of analytical and arithmetical knowledge into the first mechanical computer in the world. His scientific work during his lifetime had earned him the title of the "Father of the computer". This is evident by the fact that many of his intellectual concepts were continued on by a lot of scientists after him.
After the continuation of the development process mentioned above, people recognized the scientific power of the computer and this fact had immensely boosted the research process in this field. At the beginning of the 20th century, people used mostly analogue computers, which were mechanical and required the incredibly sophisticated mathematical knowledge in order to operate it. This device lacked the programmability of today's digital computing engines and many great minds at the time worked together in order to improve this unfortunate situation.
Thus, the scientists contracted by the US Navy invented the electromechanical machines, specifically in 1938; and it was the first computer of the newly developed type small enough to be used on the board of a submarine. Its purpose was to solve the problem of aiming and firing the torpedo from a submarine to hit a moving target. Thus, the name of this device was the Torpedo Data Computer.
After the military recognized the computer's potential, the pace of its development and of the further research in its specific field was almost doubled. Such a swift advancement lead to the discovery of the vacuum tubes and electronic circuit boards, which started the era of the digital computational devices. In 1937, Dr Atanasoff and Clifford Berry had built the first "automatic digital computer" in the century. This computing equipment was named after its inventors as the Atanasoff-Berry Computer. Its main body was built with the three hundred vacuum tubes, and its performance was much greater than its predecessors. This machine began the first era of the scientific investigation and further technological advancement of the programmable digital electronic computers.
After the usage of computers was firmly integrated into the numerous industries and services, including military data processing, this electronic equipment became the necessity. Due to this fact, many great scientists from the beginning of the 20th century began to gather and investigate the chance of a potential improvement that can move the intellectual concept of a computer on to the next level. And during the second world war, this technology had a groundbreaking improvement known as the Colossus. This computer was the first electronic digital device in human history. It was successfully tested in 1943 and had completely served its purpose of disrupting the German high-level military communications. Although it was not Turing complete and had a vast room for further improvement, it was the first step into the world of computing science as we know it today.
However, The Colossus was not the only digital programmable computer at the time. In 1945 the building of ENIAC was completed, and it was the first Turing-complete electronic digital programmable computer in the world. It was much faster than any of its predecessors and was making a more substantial amount of the complicated calculations much faster. Its weight was around 30 tons and used 200 kilowatts of power in order to operate. But its computing ability was still not enough, so the research continued further and further along at a rapid pace.
Alan Turing, in his 1936 paper called "On Computable Numbers" laid out the first principles of a modern computer, and after the publication of his book the development of the computers had changed forever. He introduced the intellectual concept of the "Universal Computing Machine," which became famous in the many scientific circles at the time. The idea that he came up with was the computing device that is able to do any complex calculations due to the programmable instructions, which are stored in the device's memory. The principles behind the Turing's mechanisms were so groundbreaking at the time that these machines are still at the centre of the computational theory even to this day.
The defining flaw of the early electronic machines was the fixed programming that required the parts to be changed in order to introduce a new method of programming to it. This way of adjustment was very costly and required a lot of complicated actions as the complete restructuration of the machine. Thus, the completely new methods of production and parts were needed to change this unfortunate situation for the better.
The discovery of the field-effect transistor that was proposed by Julius Edgar Lilienfeld in 1925 had completely changed the methodology of the computer building. He and his colleagues had built and introduced their creation into the world of computer science. The transistors were much more reliable than the vacuum tubes, had a better service life and produced a lot less heat during the working process. Thus, the later circuit boards were significantly reduced in terms of size and volume, allowing the computers to become even faster and technologically advanced than before. The further research of the transistors and electronic boards enabled the technology behind the computer machines to develop further, arriving into the state that we have today.
All calculating machines are in the past and nowadays people use the computer everywhere. And a lot of professions need some technical knowledge, because of it such profession as a programmer was created. All computer technologies are developed every year and there is the need in the people who know it. Today, the computer is not only for work, it is also the thing for the searching of the information, or just for different games or communication. So, no one is surprised with this device and the creation of the internet helped a lot of people to use the computers better.
But which benefits you can get from the computer? You can get the answer from this simple example. Just imagine the life 10-15 years ago. You need to write some article in the short time. You took the paper and started to write, but the only mistake could destroy your work and all your efforts. So, you needed to start it from the very beginning.
But today, you just can turn on your computer, type the needed text in the program and after that you can check it automatically. As you can see, there are a lot of benefits. And the Internet helps you to find all needed information which you want to have. Finding the information in the Internet is something, like we are going to the library. We just need to choose the right information and to copy it.
Pupils write a lot of computer essays at schools and you can only imagine where they find the answers to this question. They find them in the Internet with the help of the computer.
The computers appeared in our life not so long period ago, but we cannot imagine our life without them. For example, 10 years ago, you did not see the personal computer in every house, but in our time almost every person has the computer.
From the very beginning, the computer had a very huge size and could take place in a few rooms. You can understand, that it was not very comfortable to use it and because of it, people developed it and tried to make it more comfortable for everyday life. Now people can use the computer with the help of the keyboard and the mouse. It is really comfortable for all people. The more detailed information you can get ordering the history of computers essay here and you will get a lot of the detailed information about the development of the computers.
Sometimes, we cannot even imagine that the computers are everywhere. For example, if you have some problems with the health and you are in the hospital, there can be the situations, that your life completely depends on the computer. Now a lot of doctors can make the surgeries with the help of the computers. Also, some computer science you can meet at schools and universities. The little children can learn at school the information about the computer and also to use it to do some tasks for school. If you need to write the computer in education essay, our professional writers will be glad to do it for you. The only thing you need to do, is to order the essay on our site and you will get it in the short time.
The minuses of the computer
The computer is very useful thing in our life, but we should think about all pluses and all minuses it can bring in our life. It can make your life easier, but you should not forget about your real life here.